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Albert Einstein
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Albert Einstein (1879-1955) 
Unable to talk until he was three years old, Albert Einstein, the man whose name came to be synonymous with genius, was initially suspected of being mentally retarded. Einstein fared abysmally as a schoolboy in Munich, Germany, and was dismissed by his teachers as slow and lazy. Mathematics was his sole strong point: When Einstein quit school at the age of 15, his teacher claimed there was nothing left to teach him.  He eventually won the 1921 Nobel prize for physics. 
In 1905, Einstein proposed what is today called the special theory of relativity. He based his new theory on a reinterpretation of the classical principle of relativity, namely that the laws of physics had to have the same form in any frame of reference. As a second fundamental hypothesis, Einstein assumed that the speed of light remained constant in all frames of reference, as required by Maxwell's theory. 

Later in 1905 Einstein showed how mass and energy were equivalent (E=mc2, i.e. energy equals mass times the velocity of light squared).  Einstein was not the first to propose all the components of special theory of relativity. His contribution is unifying important parts of classical mechanics and Maxwell's electrodynamics.  His work would eventually lead to the control of atomic engery and the creation of the nuclear bomb. 
Interestingly after the death of the first president of Israel in 1952, the Israeli government decided to offer the post of second president to Einstein. He refused but found the offer an embarrassment since it was hard for him to refuse without causing offence. 

One week before his death Einstein signed his last letter. It was a letter to Bertrand Russell in which he agreed that his name should go on a manifesto urging all nations to give up nuclear weapons. It is fitting that one of his last acts was to argue, as he had done all his life, for international peace. 

Einstein was cremated at Trenton, New Jersey at 4 pm on 18 April 1955 (the day of his death). His ashes were scattered at an undisclosed place. 

Einstein Quotations

My favorite quotation is: 
The most incomprehensible thing about the world is that it is comprehensible.  

Here are some more of his famous quotes: 
Anyone who has never made a mistake has never tried anything new. 

As far as the laws of mathematics refer to reality, they are not certain; and as far as they are certain, they do not refer to reality. 

Before God we are equally wise - and equally foolish. 

Common sense is the collection of prejudices acquired by age eighteen 

Do not worry about your difficulties in Mathematics. I can assure you mine are still greater. 

Few are those who see with their own eyes and feel with their own hearts. 

God does not play dice with the universe. 

Gravitation is not responsible for people falling in love. 

Great spirits have always encountered violent opposition from mediocre minds. 

How I wish that somewhere there existed an island for those who are wise and of good will. 

I want to know God's thoughts, the rest are details. 

I know not with what weapons World War III will be fought, but World War IV will be fought with sticks and stones. 

I never think of the future - it comes soon enough. 

Imagination is more important than knowledge. 

In order to form an immaculate member of a flock of sheep one must, above all, be a sheep. 

No, this trick won't work. How on earth are you ever going to explain in terms of chemistry and physics so important biological phenomenon as first love ? 

Nothing will benefit human health and increase the chances for survival of life on Earth as much as the evolution to a vegetarian diet. 

Peace cannot be kept by force. It can only be achieved by understanding. 

Science without religion is lame. Religion without science is blind. 

Science is a refinement of everyday thinking. 

The most beautiful thing we can experience is the mysterious. It is the source of all true art and science. 

The secret to creativity is knowing how to hide your sources. 

The release of atomic energy has not created a new problem. It has merely made more urgent the necessity of solving an existing one. 

The important thing is not to stop questioning. 

The hardest thing in the world to understand, is the income tax. 

There are only two truly infinite things, the universe and stupidity. And I am unsure about the universe. 

Things should be as simple as possible, but not simpler. 

Too many of us look upon Americans as dollar chasers. This is a cruel libel, even if it is reiterated thoughtlessly by the Americans themselves. 

When the solution is simple, God is answering. 

Too often people use statistics like drunken men use lamp posts, for support rather than illuminiation 

To learn more about Albert Einstein, visit these web sites: 
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